By Scott G. Ortman

ISBN-10: 1607811723

ISBN-13: 9781607811725

The “abandonment” of Mesa Verde and the formation of the Rio Grande Pueblos characterize vintage occasions in North American prehistory. but, regardless of a century of study, no consensus has been reached on accurately how, or perhaps if, those occasions have been comparable. during this landmark research, Scott Ortman proposes a singular and compelling approach to this challenge via an research of the genetic, linguistic, and cultural background of the Tewa Pueblo humans of recent Mexico.

Integrating information and techniques from human biology, linguistics, archaeology, and cultural anthropology, Ortman indicates outstanding social transformation happened as Mesa Verde humans moved to the Rio Grande, such that the ensuing ancestral Tewa tradition was once a special hybrid of rules and practices from a variety of resources. whereas addressing a number of long-standing questions in American archaeology, Winds from the North also serves as a methodological guidebook, together with new techniques to integrating archaeology and language in accordance with cognitive technological know-how examine. As such, it is going to be of curiosity to researchers in the course of the social and human sciences.

Show description

Read Online or Download Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology PDF

Best state & local books

Download PDF by Elmer Schwieder: A Peculiar People: Iowa's Old Order Amish

Now again in print with a brand new essay, this vintage of Iowa background makes a speciality of the previous Order Amish Mennonites, the state’s such a lot special non secular minority. Sociologist Elmer Schwieder and historian Dorothy Schwieder started their examine with the most important crew of outdated Order Amish within the country, the neighborhood close to Kalona in Johnson and Washington counties, in April 1970; they prolonged their reviews and friendships in later years to different previous Order settlements in addition to the marginally much less conservative Beachy Amish.

The Archaeology of Regional Interaction: Religion, Warfare, - download pdf or read online

This booklet surpasses so much nearby experiences, which regularly examine simply cost styles or trade, and investigates other kinds of interplay corresponding to intermarriage and the unfold of spiritual practices. The authors concentration particularly on knowing the social approaches that underlie archaeological proof of interplay.

Download e-book for kindle: Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: Society on the High Plains, by Janet Lecompte

Pueblo, Hardscrabble, and Greenhorn have been one of the first actual white settlements in Colorado. of their time they have been the main westerly settlements in American territory, they usually attracted a full of life and sundry inhabitants of mavericks from extra civilized components of the world-from what grew to become New Mexico to the south and from as a long way east as England.

William C. Davis's Three Roads to the Alamo: The Lives and Fortunes of David PDF

3 Roads to the Alamo is the definitive publication concerning the lives of David Crockett, James Bowie and William Barret Travis—the mythical frontiersmen and combatants who met their future on the Alamo in a single of the main recognized and tragic battles in American history—and approximately what relatively occurred in that conflict.

Extra resources for Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology

Sample text

This is not to say that languages are immune from influence. Speakers routinely adopt individual words from other languages when they come in contact, and more significant influences in grammar and phonology can occur through a process called interference through shift, in which people who join a speech community learn the new language imperfectly and transmit these “errors” to native speakers (Thomason and Kaufman 1988:​37–45). Nevertheless, there are only two situations in which languages that are not demonstrably descended from a single parent language arise (Thomason and Kaufman 1988:​147–199).

Modes of cultural transmission Vertical Horizontal Oblique Concerted Transmitter Parent Peer Teacher/leader Receiver Child Peer Student/follower Novice/­ apprentice Variation within population High Can be high Low Very low Can be rapid Most rapid Most ­conservative Rate of change Slow Expert/elder Source: Shennan 2002:50. 7 Transformation Forces The fourth requirement of an inheritance system is transformation forces. Two such forces are responsible for transformation in biological systems. The first is natural selection, or differential reproduction by phenotypes, which leads to increases in the proportion of certain alleles in a population, and decreases in others.

Comparison of human inheritance systems Inheritance System Function Sources of Variation Mode(s) of Period of Transmission Transmission Transformation Phylogenetic Forces Signal Results of Contact Genes Physiological adaptation Mutation Vertical Moment of ­conception Natural selection, drift Moderate: isolation by distance, but also admixture Gene flow Language Communication ­ iological B differences, guided ­variation Vertical for ­ cquisition, a ­horizontal/ oblique for ­adoption of ­innovations Childhood for acquisition, then continuous throughout life span Physiological and ­perceptual ­limitations, primary and secondary value selection Strong: distinct l­anguages do not merge readily Borrowing, bilingualism, interference, language shift Culture Behavioral a ­ daptation ­ iological B differences, guided ­variation Vertical, ­ orizontal, h oblique, ­concerted Continuous throughout life span Primary and ­secondary value ­selection, influenced by imposition Strong in ­stationary Hybridity, groups, weak in ­incorporation, acculturation ­migrating groups 30 Chapter 2 Ethnic Identity and Ethnic Groups The reaffirmation of genes, language, and culture as distinct systems of inheritance raises a question of fundamental importance for this study: whether the ethnic group, in this case the Tewa, is an appropriate unit of study for historical anthropology.

Download PDF sample

Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology by Scott G. Ortman


by Kevin
4.0

Rated 4.36 of 5 – based on 22 votes