By Martin Halpern
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The actions of liberal and right-wing anti-Communists succeeded in creating a wall against normal participation by Communists and their supporters in the body politic. McCarthyism represented a new stage in the development of the domestic anti-Communist campaign. McCarthy attacked not only Communists but the New Deal itself. Although he did not succeed in convincing the majority that the New Deal was treasonous, he helped to shift the political spectrum significantly to the right. The war in Korea and the intensification of the domestic anti-Communist hysteria led by McCarthy brought about a deepening Page 6 of the isolation of the left.
3 In addition to producing many of their own parts, the Big Three often provided tools for their suppliers' production. In the event of an actual or threatened strike at a supplier firm, the Big Three company could withdraw its tools. Even when not dependent on GM, Ford, or Chrysler for capital, parts firms were in a subordinate position in the industry. The major share of the parts manufacturers' product had to be sold to one or another of the Big Three companies, whereas the latter generally had more than one supplier for each part or could choose to produce the item themselves.
Many workers, particularly at the Ford Motor Company, had to pay bribes to obtain jobs. Both GM and Ford were reported to prohibit talking Page 14 during work. Furthermore, the layoffs that were such a common feature of the auto workers' experience were not generally decided on the basis of seniority. The determination of the auto manufacturers to keep the industry an "open shop," that is, to keep unions from representing their employees or having any say over wages and working conditions, increased the workers' feelings of insecurity.
UAW politics in the cold war era by Martin Halpern