By Alan Barclay PhD, Philippa Sandall, Claudia Shwide-Slavin MS RD CDE, Dr. Jennie Brand-Miller
An all-in-one connection with sugars and sweeteners—for any sweet-toothed purchaser who additionally craves the facts
this present day, supermarkets and average meals shops characteristic a bewildering number of sugars and substitute sweeteners. The deluge of conflicting info doesn’t aid. If selecting a sweetener leaves you scratching your head, this convenient advisor will solution your whole questions—even those you didn’t recognize to ask:
- Which sweeteners practice good in baking?
- Will the children detect if I sub in stevia?
- What’s the easiest choose if I’m staring at my waistline, blood sugar, or environmental impact?
- Are any of them rather superfoods . . . or toxic?
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Additional info for The ultimate guide to sugars & sweeteners : discover the taste, use, nutrition, science, and lore of everything from agave nectar to xylitol
The same-sized soda sweetened with sugar would add around 140 calories (600 kilojoules). Different brands offer a variety of aspartame sweetener products for different uses, so it is hard to generalize about what’s in them and how to use them. However, manufacturers of the “spoon-for-spoon” granulated-sugar substitutes typically add →maltodextrin as a bulking agent. For example, the ingredients listed for Equal Spoonful are maltodextrin, aspartame, and →acesulfame potassium (often blended with aspartame).
However, since the early 1980s, rates of overweight and obesity have nearly doubled in Australia. 8 So, there are real questions to be asked: Do people overcompensate when they consume nonnutritive sweeteners by eating more high-calorie foods—for example, digging in to a hamburger with the works and large fries when they buy a diet soft drink? Do nonnutritive sweeteners have a negative effect on the bacteria in our guts (our microbiome), predisposing some people to weight gain? Do people mistakenly assume that foods sweetened with nonnutritive sweeteners are calorie-free and therefore overeat them?
GRAS (GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE) Before a sugar substitute or sweetener can be legally added to a food or beverage in United States, it must either have FDA approval or be accepted as GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe). GRAS dates back to 1959, when the FDA established a list of food substances that were exempt from the then-new requirement that manufacturers test food additives before putting them on the market. It includes “any substance that is intentionally added to food . . ”5 Manufacturers can “self-affirm” the GRAS status of food additives they use in their products.
The ultimate guide to sugars & sweeteners : discover the taste, use, nutrition, science, and lore of everything from agave nectar to xylitol by Alan Barclay PhD, Philippa Sandall, Claudia Shwide-Slavin MS RD CDE, Dr. Jennie Brand-Miller