By Aaron Brenner, Benjamin Day, Visit Amazon's Immanuel Ness Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Immanuel Ness,
Moves were a part of American hard work relatives from colonial days to the current, reflecting the common classification clash that has run during the nation's heritage. opposed to employers and their goons, opposed to the police, the nationwide safeguard, neighborhood, country, and nationwide officers, opposed to racist vigilantes, opposed to their union leaders, and opposed to one another, American staff have walked off the activity for greater wages, larger advantages, bargaining rights, laws, task keep an eye on, and simply undeniable dignity. from time to time, their activities have inspired groundbreaking laws, defining new rights for all voters; at different instances they've got resulted in lack of staff' lives. This finished encyclopedia is the 1st specific selection of historic examine on moves in the United States. to supply the analytical instruments for figuring out moves, the amount comprises kinds of essays - these desirous about an or monetary area, and people thinking about a subject. each one essay introduces a bunch of employees and their employers and areas them of their fiscal, political, and group contexts. The essay then describes the industry's numerous moves, together with the most concerns concerned and results accomplished, and assesses the impression of the moves at the over the years. Thematic essays handle questions that could merely be responded via taking a look at various moves throughout industries, teams of staff, and time, akin to, why the variety of moves has declined because the Nineteen Seventies, or why there has been a strike wave in 1946. The participants comprise historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and philosophers, in addition to present and previous activists from unions and different social circulate enterprises. pictures, an issue Finder, a bibliography, and identify and topic indexes upload to the works charm.
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Additional info for The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History
In 1663, indentured servants in Maryland were not as lucky. They quit work when they, too, were denied meat by their masters. Dragged to court, the servants argued that they were too weak to work without meat, but the judge decided against them. Fortunately, he suspended the sentence of thirty lashes after hearing the servants’ pleas for forgiveness. These early work stoppages involving indentured servants exhibited few of the features of later American strikes. More characteristic of later work stoppages were strikes in late eighteenth-century Philadelphia.
S. law, employers may permanently replace workers engaged in an economic strike. Unfair Labor Practice Strike. A strike protesting an unfair labor practice (ULP) by the employer. The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA; 1935) and subsequent amendments to it, along with decisions by the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and federal courts, define what constitutes an unfair labor practice. In broad terms, ULPs include interference with an employee’s right to organize and bargain collectively, employer domination of a labor union, discrimination in hiring and employment to encourage or discourage union membership, discharge of employees who have filed charges under the NLRA, and refusal to bargain with a legally recognized union.
The prosecution in the 1806 journeymen cordwainers’ case labeled the strikers criminal conspirators. ” More recently, employers and their government allies have adopted a new lexicon to describe strikers. New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said striking transit workers in 2005 had “thuggishly turned their backs on New York” and “hijacked” the city, managing to combine a racist slur (“thugs”) against the largely African-American and Latino workers with an obvious allusion to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the city (“hijackers”).
The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History by Aaron Brenner, Benjamin Day, Visit Amazon's Immanuel Ness Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Immanuel Ness,