By Maria Lodovica Gullino, Jacqueline Fletcher, Abraham Gamliel, James Peter Stack
Agriculture is a key quarter for the economic system of many nations and it may be most likely uncovered to planned assaults that may have dramatic financial results within the meals, feed, and fibre sectors. Intentional advent of sure microbes could have severe rebounds even on human overall healthiness whilst nutrition effects infected after harvesting of vegetation and processing of uncooked fabrics. Programmes aimed toward assaults opposed to agriculture and the agro-food region via bioweapons have been carried out some time past and nonetheless in recent times this sort of threads are documented. Prevention and preparedness are the 2 easy ways to maximise meals protection opposed to any type of tampering, no matter if ordinary, inadvertent or intentional. The NATO funded undertaking instruments for crop biosecurity was once designed to bolster the cooperation between united states, Europe and Israel within the box of crop biosecurity and to generate information on how the mental, financial and cultural outcomes of crop bioterrorism, specially assaults on tender goals comparable to crop seeds, can have a disproportionate opposed influence on Mediterranean agriculture and, extra commonly, on society. This ebook illustrates the achievements of the undertaking originated from the workshops prepared through the venture itself taking in attention major microbiological threads posed to vegetation, the instruments to acknowledge and to manage them, the wishes for foreign cooperation and learn cash to create networks that can face rising hazards for agriculture.
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Additional resources for Crop Biosecurity: Assuring our Global Food Supply (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security)
Crop Protection 14: 227–235 36 A. GAMLIEL European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. (2007) EPPO A1 and A2 Lists of pests recommended for regulation as quarantine pests. htm. Accessed on 7 November 2007. Foxell JW. (2001) Current trends in agroterrorism (antilivestock, anticrop, and antisoil bioagricultural terrorism) and their potential impact on food security. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 24: 107–129 Jay M, Morad M, Bell A. (2003) Biosecurity, a policy dilemma for New Zealand.
Although anti-crop weapons have always been of lower priority compared with anti-human ones and in most cases less successful, this threat should not be overlooked (Frischknecht 2003). Any country with the military and scientific sophistication to successfully develop a biological weapon capability is likely capable of developing an effective anti-crop biological weapon. Since certain terrorist groups and some countries are suspected of actively developing biological weapons, there is a real risk to crop systems from anti-crop weapons in today’s world (Myerson 2002; Cook 2007; Desprez-Loustau et al.
The main plantation fruit is date palms which are grown mainly for export. The best quality cultivars are grown in this area. Date palms are vulnerable to some quarantine pests which can significantly damage this production system. Possible and visible threats – Invasion by new pathogens of the main crops in the Arava valley have already occurred in the past. However, many pathogens are still regarded as quarantine pests or do not exist in the area. Acidovorax avenae, a bacterium causing melon and watermelon fruit blotch, can disrupt the export market if enters and erupt in the area.
Crop Biosecurity: Assuring our Global Food Supply (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security) by Maria Lodovica Gullino, Jacqueline Fletcher, Abraham Gamliel, James Peter Stack