By Gene D. Phillips
Greater than the other author, Raymond Chandler (1888-1959) is accountable for elevating detective tales from the extent of pulp fiction to literature. Chandler's hard-boiled deepest eye Philip Marlowe set the normal for tough, brooding heroes who controlled to take care of a robust feel of ethical conviction regardless of a merciless and detached global . Chandler's seven novels, together with the massive Sleep (1939) and The lengthy so long (1953), with their pessimism and grim realism, had a right away effect at the emergence of movie noir. Chandler labored to offer his crime novels the flavour of his followed urban, l. a., which was once nonetheless whatever of a frontier city, rife with corruption and lawlessness. as well as novels, Chandler wrote brief tales and penned the screenplays for numerous movies, together with Double Indemnity (1944) and Strangers on a teach (1951). His paintings with Billy Wilder and Alfred Hitchcock on those tasks used to be fraught with the problems of collaboration among demonstrated administrators and an writer who disliked having to edit his writing on call for. Creatures of Darkness is the 1st significant biocritical learn of Chandler in two decades. Gene Phillips explores Chandler's unpublished script for girl within the Lake , examines the method of variation of the unconventional Strangers on a teach, discusses the benefits of the unproduced screenplay for Playback , and compares Howard Hawks's director's minimize of the massive Sleep with the model proven in theaters. via interviews he carried out with Wilder, Hitchcock, Hawks, and Edward Dmytryk during the last numerous many years, Phillips presents deeper perception into Chandler's occasionally tough character. Chandler's wisecracking Marlowe has spawned 1000 imitations. Creatures of Darkness lucidly explains the author's dramatic effect on either the literary and cinematic worlds, demonstrating the immeasurable debt that either detective fiction and the neo-noir movies of this present day owe to Chandler's stark imaginative and prescient.
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Extra resources for Creatures of Darkness: Raymond Chandler, Detective Fiction, and Film Noir
It so happened that Marriott knew all about Helen's past, probably by way of Amthor, since Helen at one point had been one of Amthor's clients. Consequently, Marriott, with Amthor's help, had been blackmailing Helen for some time. Helen accordingly was afraid that Marlowe would eventually persuade Marriott to tell him what he knew about her. As Marlowe explains it to Helen during their final interview, Helen was afraid that Marriott might eventually spill the beans to Marlowe if she could not meet his exorbitant demands for bigger sums of money.
During Carmady's interview with Violet, she stands up at one point, and her bathrobe falls open. Violet wags her finger at him and warns, "No peekin':' Carmady is amused, since he has no intention ofleering at the wretched woman's withered body. S Mandarin's Jade centers on Mrs. Prendergast, a woman with a shady past, who has acquired a wealthy, respectable husband. She hires shamus John Dalmas to ransom an Oriental jade necklace that she claims has been stolen from her. The Man Who Liked Dogs, the third novella Chandler ransacked for material for the novel, revolves around Dr.
To begin with, Marlowe has deduced that Helen Grayle is Velma Valento; she was Moose's partner in the bank robbery, and she turned him in to the police for the reward. But Moose's devotion to Velma was such that he was willing to take the rap for the robbery and allow her to go free. She had, during Moose's eight years in pri~on, carved out a new life for herself and had been accepted as a respectable socialite, once she had married into Lewin Grayle's social circle. ll Jessie Florian knew enough about Helen's dubious past to extort hush money from Helen, who employed Marriott as her go-between.
Creatures of Darkness: Raymond Chandler, Detective Fiction, and Film Noir by Gene D. Phillips