By Robert S. Weddle

ISBN-10: 0585174148

ISBN-13: 9780585174143

ISBN-10: 0890966613

ISBN-13: 9780890966617

During this crowning contact to his ancient trilogy, Robert S. Weddle resumes the dramatic voyage of discovery and exploration within the Gulf of Mexico (the Spanish Sea) and alongside its coast. Combining thorough learn with based narrative, altering Tides treats the reader to political intrigue, stories of hurricanes and shipwrecks, and the wealthy historiography that marks the interval among 1763 and 1803. The e-book opens with a chain of territorial transfers that drove France from the North American continent and introduced a flurry of exploration by way of Spain and England, each one wanting to survey its new territory and align its defenses. Spanish reconnaissance of the Texas barrier islands and lagoons in keeping with a rumored English hazard and 3 voyages to survey and map the Gulf Coast west of the Mississippi River display overseas competition as a spur to exploration. the tale concludes with Spain's retrocession of Louisiana to France and the rapid sale of the territory to the us, a milestone towards the younger nation's show up future. utilizing assets formerly underutilized via historians, Weddle increases new questions relating occasions of the past due eighteenth century and the politics that drove them, with emphasis on exploration and mapping within the Gulf. students and scholars of Texas background, Spanish borderlands, and colonial the USA and Latin the US will price this ultimate installment in Weddle's meticulous, well-researched, and expertly written research.

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Extra info for Changing Tides: Twilight and Dawn in the Spanish Sea, 1763-1803 (Centennial Series of the Association of Former Students, Texas a & M University)

Sample text

Leaving New Orleans on November 16, they boated up the Mississippi through a dense fog that prevented observation of its banks. Before they reached Plaquemine, thirty-eight leagues by river, they were soaked by rain that flooded the country and confused the march. From Plaquemine they portaged into the bayous and descended to the Atchafalaya River, five leagues distant. Thence they reached Atákapas, at present-day Saint Martinville, in three days, provisioned along the way by Chitimacha Indian hunters.

The Age of Enlightenment had come to the Gulf and with it both a spirit of scientific inquiry and the technology to make it possible. Invention of the chronometer enabled correction of map errors of long standing, as well as accurate surveys of coastlines and territorial boundaries. It was a time of "changing tides," the twilight of colonialism, the predawn of independent American nations. I would be less than honest to deny a feeling of personal triumph on completion of this considerable task.

At the same time, nine pieces of artillery laded on the unfortunate ship for Veracruz disappeared. 6 Idiaquez sailed with the remaining seven ships for Havana on August 27. On September 1 the fleet stood in latitude 24°40´N, near the midpoint of the Gulf, when the storm struck at eight-thirty in the evening. The ships soon lost sight of each other but came together again on the third. Under the continuous pounding, most lost masts and rigging. On the evening of the fourththe same day that the hurricane devastated Presidio de San Agustín de Ahumada and Mission Nuestra Señora de la Luz on the lower Trinity River in Texasthey were separated by darkness and the storm.

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Changing Tides: Twilight and Dawn in the Spanish Sea, 1763-1803 (Centennial Series of the Association of Former Students, Texas a & M University) by Robert S. Weddle

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