By Marc R. Forster
This booklet seeks to provide an explanation for the origins of the Catholic identification of the inhabitants of southwest Germany among 1550 and 1750. Many reports of this topic credits rulers and church leaders with developing and imposing non secular identification in Germany ''from above.'' against this, this examine argues that there have been vital neighborhood and non secular the explanation why humans got here to think about themselves unswerving Catholics; and which will comprehend the origins of Catholic identification, it examines the character of ''Baroque Catholicism''--including the importance of pilgrimages, processions, confraternities, and different non secular ceremonies.
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Additional info for Catholic Revival in the Age of the Baroque: Religious Identity in Southwest Germany, 1550-1750
In 1579 Ferdinand also made Andreas governor of Upper and Outer Austria, a job he tended to prefer to his episcopal duties. ³⁵ The Austrian state promulgated a series of ordinances designed to create religious uniformity. A 1585 mandate ordered all Protestants to emigrate and in 1586 an oath of loyalty to the Church was required of all government oﬃcials. ³⁶ These policies left no doubt about the close identiﬁcation of the Austrian state with Catholicism. By the 1580s, there was no longer room for negotiation on this issue.
Dieter Stievermann, ‘‘O Die Territorien des Reichs im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung. Land und Konfession, Vol. V Der Su¨dwesten (Mu¨nster, 1993), pp. 265–268. ), Vordero¨sterreich in der fru¨hen Neuzeit (Sigmaringen, 1989), pp. 1–41, esp. p. 21. ²⁹ By the 1560s confessional lines in Southwest Germany had stabilized and Outer Austria was ﬁrmly Catholic. Despite the strength of Catholicism, the Austrian regime based at Ensisheim in Alsace and at Innsbruck in the Tyrol continued to stress the threat of Protestantism.
By the 1590s, however, church and state oﬃcials were working together to improve clerical incomes. ⁵⁹ It is a sign of the congruence of state and church interests that he submitted his ﬁnal report both to the bishop and to Archduke Ferdinand. Pistorius tried to balance the interests of the bishop, such as a concern for the conditions of the original endowment and the maintenance of episcopal authority, with the pastoral needs of the people, which secular oﬃcials tended to emphasize. The vicar general recommended combining several beneﬁces and suggested giving some chaplaincies to parish priests.
Catholic Revival in the Age of the Baroque: Religious Identity in Southwest Germany, 1550-1750 by Marc R. Forster