By Bryan A. Bailey, Lyndel W. Meinhardt
This publication studies the present nation of information referring to cacao pathogens and techniques for his or her administration.
Topics mentioned comprise the background, biology and genetic variety of Moniliophthora species (which reason witches’ broom and frosty pod rot) and Phytophthora species (which reason black pod rot) that reason illnesses leading to significant losses to cacao construction. rising pathogens reminiscent of Cacao swollen shoot virus and Ceratobasidium theobromae (which factors vascular streak dieback) also are mentioned intimately, besides many pathogens of important neighborhood crisis. each one of these pathogens signify significant dangers to international cacao construction may still they extend into new parts, breaking out in their present restricted distributions. via contemplating cacao ailments as a bunch, similarities within the on hand instruments and strategies utilized in their administration turn into obvious, as do their boundaries. Gaps in our present wisdom of cacao pathogens and the administration of the ailments they reason are distinctive, and recommendations for destiny learn instructions are supplied. This perception permits readers to think about cacao disorder threats from a extra accomplished, international standpoint and paves the way in which for a better synergy of efforts among many of the examine courses, companies, and industries, either inner most and public, with vested pursuits in cacao creation, and cacao farmers.
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This booklet studies the present country of data pertaining to cacao pathogens and strategies for his or her administration. themes mentioned contain the heritage, biology and genetic range of Moniliophthora species (which reason witches’ broom and frosty pod rot) and Phytophthora species (which reason black pod rot) that reason illnesses leading to significant losses to cacao creation.
Additional resources for Cacao Diseases: A History of Old Enemies and New Encounters
Turrialba, 39, 440–446. pdf. Sereno, M. , Albuquerque, P. S. , & Figueira, A. (2006). Genetic diversity and natural population structure of cacao (Theobroma cacao L) from the Brazilian Amazon evaluated by microsatellite markers. Conservation Genetics, 7, 13–24. Shephard, C. Y. (1932). The cacao industry of Trinidad: Some economic aspects. Part III–History of the industry up to 1870. Port of Spain: Government Printing Ofﬁce. Shephard, C. ( 1971). An historical account of the Island of Saint Vincent.
Perniciosa in the Amazon basin. Upon “retirement,” Harry has 36 R. Ploetz continued to publish regularly on all of the above topics, including the cacao problems on which he began his career (Evans 2007, 2012; Thomas et al. 2008; Evans et al. 2013). In summary, Harry is an authority on tropical mycology and plant pathology. He has published over 200 research publications and continues to work on a diverse range of basic and applied topics. Harry’s intellectual curiosity, frequent assignments overseas, ﬂuency in Spanish and Portuguese, and willingness to conduct work under a range of conditions have been instrumental in the seminal contributions he has made to mycology and plant pathology and, in particular, to our understandings of cacao pathogens and the diseases that they cause on this important crop.
A review of the Cocoa Research Unit programme. In C. ), Unit report for 1981-1983 (pp. 8–12). St. Augustine: The University of the West Indies. Van Hall, C. J. J. (1932). ). , Limited. Woods, D. (2003). The tragedy of the cocoa pod: Rent-seeking, land and ethnic conﬂict in Ivory Coast. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 41, 641–655. Wood, G. A. R. (1985a). History and development. In G. A. R. Wood & R. A. , pp. 1–10). Oxford: Blackwell Science. Wood, G. A. R. (1985b). Production. In G. A. R.
Cacao Diseases: A History of Old Enemies and New Encounters by Bryan A. Bailey, Lyndel W. Meinhardt