By David Pollack
Caborn-Welborn, a past due Mississippian (A.D. 1400-1700) farming society situated on the confluence of the Ohio and Wabash Rivers (in what's now southwestern Indiana, southeastern Illinois, and northwestern Kentucky), constructed following the cave in of the Angel chiefdom (A.D. 1000-1400). utilizing ceramic and payment info, David Pollack examines the ways that that new society reconstructed social, political, and financial relationships from the remnants of the Angel chiefdom.
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Extra resources for Caborn-Welborn: Constructing a New Society after the Angel Chiefdom Collapse
1400 Mississippian Regional Centers 29 trailed, incised, and/or punctated designs, the primary motif found on both Angel Negative Painted and Caborn-Welborn Decorated ceramic vessels consists of a series of line-¤lled triangles (see chapters 3 and 5) that may represent a sun symbol. Contrary to the scenario of continuity between Angel and Caborn-Welborn presented above, Hilgeman (2000:236–241) feels that the archaeological record of the lower Ohio valley does not re®ect population, settlement, or ceramic continuity from the Angel to Caborn-Welborn phase.
2). It is not currently known what happened to the other Mississippian populations of the lower Ohio and upper-central Mississippi valleys, but scholars presume that they relocated to other regions or moved to more dispersed settlements (Matternas 1995). ANGEL SOCIOPOLITICAL ORGANIZATION At the top of the Angel settlement hierarchy was the Angel site. This large regional administrative center was located east of Evansville, Indiana, and slightly downstream from the mouth of the Green River. d. 1000–1400), the site was the focus of social, political, and economic life for the Angel population.
Birds (ducks and turkey) and ¤sh (gar, cat¤sh, buffalo, bass, and drum) may not have been as important to the diet of Caborn-Welborn people (Garmiewicz 2000; Terry Martin, personnel communication 1997) as they were to Mississippian groups living in the central Mississippi River valley (Smith 1978). , pestles, disks, ear plugs, and owl ef¤gy pendants). Certain ceramic trends initiated during the Angel phase continued into the Caborn-Welborn phase. They include widening and thinning of jar handles, an increase in the number of hemispherical bowls with notched or beaded rim strips, and an increase in the number of shallow bowls with outslanting walls (deep rim plates, cf.
Caborn-Welborn: Constructing a New Society after the Angel Chiefdom Collapse by David Pollack