By L. A. Clarkson
The commercial background Society commissioned this sequence which goals to supply a advisor to present interpretations of the most important issues of financial and social background during which advances were made or during which there was major debate. The books are meant to be a springboard to futher examining instead of a suite of pre-packaged conclusions. this can be an creation and survey to the present country of scholarship about the heritage of the British exchange union stream and labour. It covers the years 1800-1914 and goals to offer readers entry to the easiest paintings performed within the box and aid them draw their very own conclusions.
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Extra resources for British Trade Union and Labour History A Compendium
This was followed, however, by severe depression, lasting until 1842-3, with heavy unemployment, wage reductions and loss of membership, which seriously weakened all trade societies. Nevertheless, the vigorous joint defence organised in support of the Glasgow cotton spinners and before the Select Commission on Combinations in 1837-8, and the widespread strikes in 1842, demonstrated that the movement was still by no means defunct. Improving trade after 1842 led to the founding or revival of national unions among coal miners, cotton spinners, printers, potters, glassmakers, tailors, shoemakers and curriers in the mid-1840s, and the establishment of the National Association of United Trades in 1845 ( chap.
There was, in fact, much trade-union criticism of the impracticable aspects of Owenite co-operative schemes. The National Association for the Protection of Labour- an attempt at general union or trades' federation- was in no sense an Owenite body, but grew out of the failure of the Lancashire cotton spinners' strike in 1829 and was primarily an attempt at organising a general strike fund. This above all is what attracted other trade societies into it, though it did provide wider social and political horizons, especially in its journal, the Voice of the People, edited by John Doherty.
For Radicalism, see below, pp. ) The outburst of trade-union activity during the years 182934 was not, as is so often imagined, dominated by Owenitesocialist enthusiasm. It was, in fact, a mainly endogenous trade-union movement, encouraged psychologically if not legally by the repeal of the Combination Laws. The formation of district and national unions was not new (see above, p. 17). In 1818-19, moreover, there had even been an attempt at general union, the 'Philanthropic Society', or 'Philanthropic Hercules', for the purpose of raising a strike fund ( 272-4;  8-11;  114).
British Trade Union and Labour History A Compendium by L. A. Clarkson