By Sameh Hanna
This publication explores the results of Pierre Bourdieu’s sociology of cultural construction for the examine of translation as a socio-cultural job. Bourdieu’s paintings has endured to encourage study on translation within the previous few years, notwithstanding with no distinctive, large-scale research that assessments the viability of his conceptual instruments and methodological assumptions. With specialize in the Arabic translations of Shakespeare’s tragedies in Egypt, this publication bargains an in depth research of the speculation of ‘fields of cultural creation’ with the aim of offering a clean viewpoint at the genesis and improvement of drama translation in Arabic.
The varied circumstances of the Arabic translations of Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear and Othello lend themselves to sociological research, end result of the complicated socio-cultural dynamics that conditioned the interpretation judgements made through translators, theatre administrators, actors/actresses and publishers. In difficult the mainstream heritage of Shakespeare translation into Arabic, that's almost always premised at the linguistic proximity among resource and aim texts, this publication makes an attempt a ‘social background’ of the ‘Arabic Shakespeare’ which takes as its foundational assumption the truth that translation is a socially-situated phenomenon that's basically absolutely favored in its socio-cultural milieu. via a close dialogue of the construction, dissemination and intake of the Arabic translations of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Bourdieu in Translation Studies marks an important contribution to either sociology of translation and the cultural background of contemporary Egypt.
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Additional resources for Bourdieu in Translation Studies: The Socio-cultural Dynamics of Shakespeare Translation in Egypt
39). Thus, the gaze of sociologists is determined by the position they occupy in the field of sociology, the capital they have accumulated in the field and the habitus they have developed as a result of their membership in that field. We can even go a step further here to claim that Bourdieu’s Sociology of Cultural Productionâ•… 19 the marketability and canonization of the sociologist’s findings and points of view are also determined by his or her position in the field. The third circle of bias which shapes the sociologist’s point of view is the “intellectualist bias which entices us to construe the world as a spectacle, as a set of significations to be interpreted rather than as concrete problems to be solved practically” (Wacquant 1992: 39).
5â•… Snapshot of the dedication to President Jamāl ‘Abd al-Nāṣir in Biḥīrī’s translation of Macbeth in Arabic verse (1966). 6â•‡Structure and Properties of the Field: Forms of Capital The structure and limits of any field are determined by the type of capital dominant in the field and the distribution of this capital among its members (Bourdieu and Wacquant 1992: 98–9). Bourdieu borrows the concept of capital from economics and adapts it into a tool for understanding social and cultural practices.
Bourdieu 1996: 235, emphasis in original) Control over newcomers is exercised through the codification of entry to the field. : 226). : 226). The same is true of the field of drama translation, whose weak degree of codification makes it difficult to decide who the drama translator is. The fuzziness of the boundaries of this field allows for the intensification of struggle over the conditions of membership and leaves room for deploying a range of manoeuvres by means of which membership is legitimized, contested or discredited.
Bourdieu in Translation Studies: The Socio-cultural Dynamics of Shakespeare Translation in Egypt by Sameh Hanna