By Andrew M. Smith
Many vegetation, animals, and microbes use adhesive polymers and constructions to connect to inert substrates, to one another, or to different organisms. this is often the 1st significant overview that brings jointly examine on some of the recognized organic adhesives. Emphasizing the range of organic adhesives and linked adhesion techniques, it bargains with micro organism, fungi, algae, and marine and terrestrial animals. It bridges a number of disciplines together with biochemistry, molecular biology, biomechanics, bioengineering, microbiology, organism constitution and serve as, and ultrastructure. As we study extra in regards to the molecular and mechanical houses of those adhesives, we commence to appreciate why they adhere so good and the way they strengthen cohesive power. With this figuring out comes the chance of constructing artificial or semi-synthetic adhesives with extensive functions in components equivalent to drugs, dentistry, and biotechnology. The e-book is appropriate for either business and educational researchers.
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Extra info for Biological adhesives
2000). Glucose-mediated modulation of biofilm formation appears to take place through two molecular mechanisms: transcription regulation by the cAMP/CRP regulon or by its Vfr protein counterpart in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Vasil and Ochsner 1999; Whitchurch et al. 2005), and by translational regulation mediated by the csrA protein, which represses the expression of exopolysaccharide biosynthetic genes such as the pga operon by binding to its mRNA (Wang et al. 2005). Availability of iron and presence or absence of oxygen are also crucial factors for biofilm formation; indeed, anoxia negatively affects initial adhesion in E.
1993; Sauer and Camper 2001; Otto and Silhavy 2002; Wang et al. 2004). In the presence of environmental conditions allowing bacterial growth, attached cells can divide and form a microcolony. Establishment of stronger cell-cell contacts allows the 1 Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari e Biotecnologie, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 22, 20133 Milano, Italy 2 Unité de Microbiologie et Génétique UMR CNRS 5122 composante INSA, 10, rue Dubois, 69 622 Villeurbanne CEDEX, France Biological Adhesives (ed.
FEMS Microbiol Lett 178:169–175 Dove SL, Smith SGJ, Dorman CJ (1997) Control of Escherichia coli type 1 fimbrial gene expression in stationary phase: a negative role for RpoS. Mol Gen Genet 254:13–20 Falconi M, Colonna B, Prosseda G, Micheli G, Gualerzi CO (1998) Thermoregulation of Shigella and Escherichia coli EIEC pathogenicity. A temperature-dependent structural transition of DNA modulates accessibility of virF promoter to transcriptional repressor H-NS. EMBO J 17:7033–7043 Ferrieres L, Clarke DJ (2003) The RcsC sensor kinase is required for normal biofilm formation in Escherichia coli K-12 and controls the expression of a regulon in response to growth on a solid surface.
Biological adhesives by Andrew M. Smith