By Eliot Goldfinger
From the writer of the vintage Human Anatomy for Artists comes this effortless reference advisor that includes over unique drawings and over seventy photographs.
Designed for painters, sculptors, and illustrators who use animal imagery of their paintings, Animal Anatomy for Artists bargains thorough, in-depth information regarding the main usually depicted animals, offered in a logical and simply understood layout for artists—whether newbie or complete specialist. The publication makes a speciality of the types created by way of muscle mass and bones, giving artists a vital third-dimensional knowing of the ultimate, complicated outer floor of the animal. Goldfinger not just covers the anatomy of the extra universal animals, similar to the pony, puppy, cat, cow, pig, squirrel, and rabbit, but in addition the anatomy of diverse wild species, together with the lion, giraffe, deer, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, gorilla, sea lion, and endure. integrated are drawings of skeletons and the way they circulation on the joints, person muscle mass displaying their attachments at the skeleton, muscle mass of the full animal, pass sections, photos of dwell animals, and silhouettes of comparable animals evaluating their shapes and proportions. He bargains a brand new and cutting edge part at the easy physique plan of four-legged animals, giving the reader an important conceptual knowing of total animal constitution to which the main points of person animals can then be utilized. The bankruptcy on birds covers the skeleton, muscle tissues and feather styles. The appendix provides photos of skulls with wonderful horns and antlers and a piece on significant floor veins.
Incredibly thorough, jam-packed with crucial details, Animal Anatomy for Artists is a definitive reference paintings, a necessary e-book for everybody who depicts animals of their paintings.
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Additional info for Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form
Throughout the regions of the body there are flexor groups, which bend the joints, and extensor groups, which straighten them. Such muscle masses usually lie on opposite sides of a bone. For example, the thigh muscles on the front of the femur together form the extensor group of the knee joint, whereas the hamstring muscles behind the femur form the flexor group of the same joint (the hamstring group also functions as a hip extensor). There are also muscle groups that abduct, or pull a limb away from the body, or adduct, pulling the limb toward the centerline of the body.
Insertion: Side of the wing of the nostril in the horse and ox; upper lip • Insertion: Horse and ox: Skin on the front of the upper lip, by common in the dog and feline. tendon with the same muscle of the other side. Dog: Front end of the • Action: In the horse and ox, the caninus pulls the side wall of the nos- upper lip and the side of the nostril. tril rearward, dilating the nostril; in the dog and feline, it lifts and • Action: Horse and ox: Muscles of both sides: Lift the front of the upper retracts the front of the upper lip, exposing the "canine" tooth.
Ward from the corner of the mouth and passes deep to the orbicularis oris. • Action: Pulls the corner of the mouth upward and rearward. Dog and feline: also pulls the scutiform cartilage forward. INDIVIDUAL MUSCLES > FACE & HEAD 33 DOG HORSE OX Caninus (Dilator naris lateralis) Levator labii maxillaris (superioris) (Levator labii superioris proprius) • Origin: Side of the face—in front of the facial crest in the horse; at the • Origin: Bones of the side of the face (in front of the eye in the horse; end of the facial crest in the ox; just above the large molar in the dog lower, at the end of the facial crest in the ox; above the large molar and feline.
Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form by Eliot Goldfinger