By Tadeusz Pawlowski (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9400924526

ISBN-13: 9789400924529

ISBN-10: 9401076065

ISBN-13: 9789401076067

What is aesthetic worth? A estate in an item? An event of a perceiving individual? an excellent item latest in a mysterious sphere, inaccessible to common cognition? Does it look in a single shape merely, or in lots of types, possibly infinitely many? Is it anything consistent, immutable, or really anything vulnerable to swap, looking on the person, the cultural milieu, or the epoch? Is a rational defence of aesthetic price decisions attainable, or is any dialogue of this subject meaningless? The above questions come up out of the main complex philosophic difficulties. Volumes were written on each one of them. The discussions which proceed over the centuries, the plurality of perspectives and advised strategies, point out that each one matters are debatable and contestable. each one view can adduce a few arguments helping it; each one has a few weaknesses. one other resource of trouble is the vagueness and ambiguity of the language within which the issues are mentioned. This makes it difficult to appreciate the tips of specific thinkers and infrequently makes it most unlikely to make a decision no matter if varied formulations show the particular divergence of perspectives or merely the verbal personal tastes in their authors. allow us to upload that this imperfection doesn't easily spring from inaccuracy at the a part of students, but in addition effects from the complexity of the issues themselves. the problem is extra advanced by way of very important elements of a social character.

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So, for instance, an image of a rose in a painting is sometimes interpreted as a symbol of love or friendship; however, it can also mean the passing of life. The meaning depends on the accepted rule of interpretation. The rule establishes the meaning of an element in a painting, yet is not included in the painting, but comes from outside: the rule functions in the period and milieu in which the work was produced, or in which the rule was formulated; it is recorded in documents, in critical, theoretical and historical texts.

32Cf. M. 2. 33Zbigniew Podg6rzec (1982) 'Rozmowy z Jerzym Nowosielskim (4). Symbolika i ikona. (Talks with Jerzy Nowosielski. Symbolism and the Icon', Znak, No 328. 34Cf. Ronald Gray (1956) Kafka's Castle, London, quoted after: J. 427. 35Cf. J. Segal (1911) '0 charakterze psychologicznym zasadniczych zagadnien estetyki (The Psychological Character of the Fundamental Problems of Aesthetics)', Przeglad Filozoficzny, Vol. 14,. 36Curt J. Ducasse (1929) The Philosophy of Art, New York, p. 284. 371. Dewey (1925) 'The Meaning of Value', Journal of Philosophy, February.

For instance, questions, orders, requests, are not such sentences. According to some authors, judgements and norms - both aesthetic and ethical - do not constitute sentences in the logical sense either. It follows that they cannot be recognized as true or false; they cannot be substantiated nor falsified. 6The differentiation between actual and potential subjectivism is introduced by Ossowska, M. (1947) Podstawy nauki 0 moralnosci (The Foundations of the theory of Morals), Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw.

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Aesthetic Values by Tadeusz Pawlowski (auth.)

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